A country in central/eastern Africa, Rwanda is in the African Great Lakes region and is highly elevated; its geography dominated by mountains in the west and savanna to the east, with numerous lakes throughout the country. The climate of the country is temperate to subtropical, with two rainy seasons and two dry seasons each year.
The population is young and predominantly rural, with a density among the highest in Africa. The people of Rwanda, the Banyarwanda speak one language but have three subgroups: the Hutu, Tutsi and Twa. The Twa are a forest-dwelling pygmy people descended from Rwanda’s earliest inhabitants. The people of Rwanda have a rich culture and are known to be some of the most hospitable communities in the world.
The entire country is at a high altitude and lies a few degrees south of the equator and is landlocked. The capital, Kigali, is located near the center of Rwanda. Mountains dominate central and western Rwanda. They are part of the Albertine Rift Mountains that flank the Albertine branch of the East African Rift, which runs from north to south along Rwanda’s western border. The center of the country is predominantly rolling hills, while the eastern border region consists of savanna, plains and swamps.
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